If you’re fond of sports analogies, think about how football teams hold players in reserve to back up other team members when they’re sidelined with injuries. Baseball clubs like to cross-train players in different positions to keep their squads versatile. As they contemplate moving on to the next stages of their lives, shouldn’t owners of printing companies find lessons to learn in these best practices from the world of sports?
In an industry consisting of as many closely-held businesses as this one does, succession planning ought to be near the top of the list of management priorities. In many cases, it is — but we continue to see a lack of it complicating or even undermining successful transfers of ownership. We think this stems from an incomplete understanding of what “succession planning” entails and how much time it can take to do it properly.
Nowadays, exiting ownership of a family printing business is as likely to mean finding a buyer from outside the family as taking the more traditional route of naming children or other relatives as heirs. In either scenario, however, the owner must be certain of having competent, committed people in key roles when the hand-off occurs.
Teach Financial Skills
Consider what happened at a company where the inheritors were two middle-aged siblings whose father, the owner, died suddenly. Although they were good at their jobs, their father had never trained them in financial management, a responsibility many owners tend to reserve for themselves. That left the company at a strategic disadvantage and made it less attractive to buyers that the heirs might otherwise have had the opportunity of selling the business to.
The takeaway here is that nothing is more important to succession planning than leaving a sound management structure behind. Many corporations require their up-and-
coming executives to identify both the positions they aspire to and the people who’ll fill their former slots as they climb the ladder. Owners of printing businesses should take the same forward- and backward-looking approach to their exit preparations.
Owner involvement is crucial to the launch and the growth of a printing business, but it can be a hindrance at the end stage if everything continues to depend on the owner’s participation. This is especially true in cases where the owner holds the key account relationships. The less owner-centric a company is, the easier it will be to sell an outcome that can be achieved by having a fully qualified management team in place.
The same advice applies to owners who have wound down their participation and aren’t as involved in day-to-day management anymore. A buyer who finds the company’s management structure inadequate may insist, as a condition of sale, that the owner stay on in an executive capacity during a transition period that could span years. If the owner had invested the same amount of time in training his or her replacements, including a replacement CEO, prior to the sale, there’d be no need for a delayed departure.
Succession planning, however, is about more than just guaranteeing a smooth exit and a soft landing for the owner.
Retain Key Employees
Business continuation for the good of all stakeholders – employees and customers as well as family members – is the overriding goal. Perpetuating a business means protecting jobs and livelihoods, and that strengthens the business by making it easier to retain people in key positions. Employees who know that a sound succession plan is being followed will be more inclined to stay the course during an ownership change than employees who think their career paths are being threatened.
None of this is to suggest that succession planning should put the interests of family members in second place. The best way for an owner to protect those interests – and to avoid misunderstandings later on – is to make clear provisions in a will for how the value of the business will be divided.
An owner, for example, might opt to bequeath a majority share of voting stock to someone who would then become the principal shareholder and decision-maker. This forestalls surprises and enables the business to carry on without conflict.
All of these strategies take time to plan and to “sell” to the people who will be affected by them. Tax considerations also come into the picture – another reason to budget ample time for consultation with qualified professional advisors.
Employee stock ownership plans (ESOPs) are sometimes viewed as potential solutions for succession planning. While ESOPs can work for some owners in some situations, they’re no easy way out. Heavily leveraged, an ESOP can accomplish its objective only if the company grows sufficiently to pay down the debt and protect the value of the employees’ shares. That represents both a risk to the shareholders and a possible red flag to buyers should the company be offered for sale while the ESOP is in progress.
Read more at Printing Impressions